Arizona has an extremely rich flora due to its diversity of altitudes and climate. It contains floristic associations ranging from sub-tropical to alpine with transitions zones between the Sonoran, Chihuahuan, Mohave and Great Basin deserts. This rich flora, almost 4000 species of native plants, is unequalled by few other regions of the United States. For a complete discussion, read the Natural Vegetation of Arizona (10 pgs) in Arizona Soils by David M. Hendricks. Tucson, Ariz.: College of Agriculture, University of Arizona, 1985. This electronic copy was produced in February 2002 in part with grant funds provided by the Library Services and Technology Act.
Flora of the Sonoran Desert Region
If you want to look up the flora of the Sonoran Desert Region or a number of subunits (including the Tucson Mountains), you can now access the lists at the ASDM website at http://www.desertmuseum.org/center/swbiodiversity.php.
While there, you can connect to the gigantic SEINet/Symbiota Project(http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/index.php), managed by a consortium of universities and nonprofits including ASDM. It compiles the data from an ever-growing number of Southwestern herbaria, and integrates it with other useful modules such as plant identification keys and educational programs. The Desert Museum has contributed two major components to the project: images of live plants from its digital library and the thesaurus of common names. (No other herbarium-based database that we know of includes common names. Nonbotanists can use Symbiota without learning Latin.)
Check out the very cool online tutorials to learn about the features found within the Symbiota network. Search for an unknown plant or make your own species list. Or just try them out because the animated tutorials are cool!!
More floras are available for purchase from the journal Desert Plants published by The University of Arizona for Boyce Thompson Southwestern Arboretum. Special issues devoted to the flora of an area are routinely printed.
Why do those plant names keep changing? For a discussion of that topic from the California Native Plant Society, click here. For taxonomic changes following the most recent classification of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (APG III) for Arizona flora, see the list (2011.3) created by Joan Tedford. Although there is no one authority over plant taxonomy, these changes are widely accepted and the UA Herbarium has rearranged its collection of over 400,000 specimens to reflect this change.