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Palmer's Century Plant

Agave palmeri

Details & Attributes


Plant Type(s) Succulent, perennial
Native to Arizona Yes!
Water Needs Low
Sun Full sun, partial shade
Pollinators Bats, hummingbirds, moths, bees
Has Spines Yes
Size
In relative feet, width by height
5 × 4
Freeze Tolerant No
Flowering Season June-August
Flower Color Yellow
Minimum Temperature Range -10 °F
Leaf Description Leaves are well armed, stout; all radiate in from the main stem, forming a rosette
Fruit A dry capsule that stays on the stalk.
Longevity
In years
15
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Range Map View SEINet Range Map
Elevation Range 3000-6000 ft.
Ethnobotany The heads, or pinas, were harvested, roasted, ground, and fermented for use as mescal; widely used for fiber, food, and forage.
Description Palmer's Agave is the primary Agave species in southeastern Arizona, and is replaced by its close relative Agave chrysantha in central Arizona. Both form lovely medium sized rosettes, generally with a small number of offsets. Tall flower stalks produce gorgeous golden blooms after approximately 10-15 years. At that point, the central flowering rosette will die, but basal sprouts will take its place. As with all species in the genus, give A. palmeri plenty of room to avoid issues with the marginal teeth and terminal spines.