« Back to main plant list

Hop Seed Bush

Dodonaea viscosa

Details & Attributes


Plant Type(s) Shrub, perennial
Native to Arizona Yes!
Water Needs Low
Sun Full sun, partial shade
Pollinators Wind
Has Spines No
Size
In relative feet, width by height
8-12 × 6-8
Freeze Tolerant No
Flowering Season February-October
Flower Color Creamy white
Minimum Temperature Range 20-25 °F
Leaf Description Linear, light green, waxy
Fruit 3-4 winged capsule
View on SEINet View SEINet Entry
Range Map View SEINet Range Map
Elevation Range 2000-5000 ft.
Ethnobotany This plant was widely used as an external medicine. Used to treat inflammations, swellings, rheumatism, pain, and used as a ceremonial medicine. Active saponin compounds are considered poisonous.
Description The light green, year-round foliage and fast growth rate of this species make it ideal as a screen or hedging shrub. Generally found on rocky slopes and drainages in natural habitat, but tolerant of a variety of soil types in cultivation. The flowers are nondescript but plants with female flowers produce a 3-4 winged seed capsule which can turn a rusty red color as it matures. The small flowers and rather small fruit mean that this plant produces only small amounts of litter, which makes it a good choice for patio or poolside planting areas. This plant has a worldwide distribution; you will want to look for our local variety Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustifolia.