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Gold Poppy, California Poppy

Eschscholzia californica subsp. mexicana

Details & Attributes

Plant Type(s) Annual
Native to Arizona Yes!
Water Needs Low
Sun Full sun
Pollinators Bees, butterflies
Has Spines No
In relative feet, width by height
Flowering Season February-May
Flower Color Gold (sometimes white)
Minimum Temperature Range 20 °F
Leaf Description Thin lobed leaves which look like small fans
Fruit Long, thin capsules which dry and split
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Description Probably the best known desert wildflower. In years with good winter/spring rain, vast carpets of golden blooms cover the desert slopes. In years with low winter/spring rain you will see few of these plants in habitat but can still encourage them in a landscape through irrigation. It is often best to sow seed rather than plant nursery stock when it comes to annuals because you want a large number of plants for maximum effect. Gold poppy reseeds readily, so once it is established in your yard it is fairly reliable year after year. In native vegetation, gold poppy is found in desert habitats across most of southern, central, and western Arizona, and is an appropriate choice for low-mid elevation gardens throughout the state.