« Back to main plant list

One Seed Juniper

Juniperus monosperma

Details & Attributes

Plant Type(s) Tree
Native to Arizona Yes!
Water Needs Low
Sun Full sun
Pollinators Wind
Has Spines No
In relative feet, width by height
6-20'+ × 5-10'
Flowering Season February-April
Flower Color Fleshy cones
Minimum Temperature Range -35 °F
Leaf Description Scaly green needles
Fruit Light brown, one per cone
View on SEINet View SEINet Entry
Range Map View SEINet Range Map
Elevation Range 3000-7000 ft.
Description A major component of pine/oak/juniper communities in the mountains of Arizona, especially around the Flagstaff area. Also the juniper which will best tolerate conditions at lower elevations such as Tucson, though it is not a recommended tree for low desert landscapes. One seed juniper is remarkable for its extensive tap roots which help the trees survive drought, but while below ground growth can be fairly quick, above ground growth will be relatively slow, under a foot a year. Pollen and seed cones occur on seperate individuals, the fleshy seed bearing cones are a good wildlife food source. This is a good plant to consider for low water use gardens at higher elevations around Arizona.