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Pinyon Pine

Pinus edulis

Details & Attributes

Plant Type(s) Tree
Native to Arizona Yes!
Water Needs Low
Sun Full sun
Has Spines No
In relative feet, width by height
20 × 10
Freeze Tolerant Yes
Minimum Temperature Range -35 °F
Leaf Description Dark green, borne in pairs
Fruit Tan-brown, resembling small corn kernels
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Elevation Range 5000-7000 ft.
Description For residents of northern Arizona, Pinyon Pine serves a similar role to that of palo verde or ironwood in the Sonoran Desert. This species is an integral part of the natural landscape, and a solid choice for a bioregionally native plant garden. The dense evergreen form of this tree can form the backbone of a landscape with other high desert natives such as mountain mahogany (Cercocarpus breviflorus), alligator juniper (Juniperus deppeana), pinyon rice grass (Piptochaetium fimbriatum), Parry's agave (Agave parryi), and Apache plume (Fallugia paradoxa). While drought tolerant, these trees don't tend to perform well in low desert gardens.