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Ponderosa Pine

Pinus ponderosa

Details & Attributes

Plant Type(s) Tree, perennial
Native to Arizona Yes!
Water Needs Low-moderate
Sun Full sun
Pollinators Wind
Has Spines No
In relative feet, width by height
60-100' + × 25-30'
Freeze Tolerant No
Flower Color Cones
Minimum Temperature Range -40 °F
Leaf Description Needles, 2-5 in each fascicle, persisting for several years before shedding
Fruit Egg shaped, with a papery wing
View on SEINet View SEINet Entry
Range Map View SEINet Range Map
Elevation Range 5000-9000 ft.
Ethnobotany Inner bark and seeds were used as a famine food, the wood and timbers were widely used for construction, the needles and sap were used as an emetic to causes vomiting, the pitch is used on cuts and sores, and the needles were used for basketry.
Description This tree is widespread across the North American west from northern Mexico up to southwestern Canada. Ponderosa pine is an integral member of high elevation, pine woodland communities throughout the taller mountains of Arizona. Like other pines, the seeds are an important wildlife food source, and the trees have been utilized by humans for a number of uses. Established plants can be over 100' tall, and some individuals have been known to top 200'. This is an excellent tree for open, cool spaces where the eventual large size of the tree won't be an issue.