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Gambel's Oak

Quercus gambelii

Details & Attributes


Plant Type(s) Tree, perennial
Native to Arizona Yes!
Water Needs Moderate-high
Sun Full sun, partial shade
Pollinators Wind
Has Spines No
Size
In relative feet, width by height
20-30' (a tree in arizona was reported to be 114' tall) × 10-30'
Freeze Tolerant No
Flowering Season April-June
Flower Color Inconspicuous, red or green
Minimum Temperature Range -40 °F
Leaf Description Lightly hairy, with 2-4 deep lobes
Fruit Acorns
View on SEINet View SEINet Entry
Range Map View SEINet Range Map
Elevation Range 4000-10000 ft.
Description Found at high elevations and in cool microclimates throughout much of the state. Gambel's oak has deeply lobed leaves and acorns which dry a dark chestnut brown. This is a plant most appropriate for gardens in places like Flagstaff, Sedona, Pinetop etc. Often somewhat shrubby in habitat, these plants can get quite large with water, ultimately forming a stately, deciduous, shade tree. Gambel's oak has the ability to spread via spreading stems just under the ground surface, so this plant can also be thicket-forming, an important factor to keep in mind when considering spacing. Plant with junipers (Juniperus spp.), pines (Pinus spp.), and ashes (Fraxinus spp.) for a lush woodland effect.