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Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard

Verbesina encelioides

Details & Attributes


Plant Type(s) Annual
Native to Arizona Yes!
Water Needs Low
Sun Full sun, partial shade
Pollinators Bees, butterflies
Has Spines No
Size
In relative feet, width by height
1-3' × 1-2'
Freeze Tolerant No
Flowering Season April-September
Flower Color Yellow
Minimum Temperature Range 15-30 °F
Leaf Description Covered in whitish hairs, triangular in shape with toothed margins
Fruit Lightly haired achenes (dry single seeded fruit)
View on SEINet View SEINet Entry
Range Map View SEINet Range Map
Elevation Range 3000-85000 ft.
Ethnobotany Hopi make the plant into tea and use it as a fever wash and to treat spider bites. Navajo make lotion for similar uses. Navajo also use liquid of strained leaves for stomach trouble.
Description Cowpen daisy is very widespread in Arizona, and this upright plant makes a good addition to gardens in need of spring color. The yellow blooms and greyish foliage of this species make it resemble brittlebush (Encelia farinosa) but it grows at much higher elevations than that species. The upright, multibranched look of cowpen daisy allows it to stand tall over other wildflowers, and it looks beautiful in combination with species like Goodding's verbena (Glandularia gooddingii), blackfoot daisy (Melampodium leucanthum), and spreading fleabane (Erigeron divergens).